Respiratory viruses continue to cause significant pediatric mortality and morbidity throughout the world. Improvements in molecular detection and sequencing techniques over the last 15 years have led to increased identification of pathogens in common respiratory illnesses during outbreaks.
Increased awareness of these viruses, along with other emerging viruses, is not only required to provide the best treatment for pediatric patients but also to alert public health officials about novel diseases.
Study: Emerging Respiratory Viruses in Children. Image Credit: Tomsickova Tatyana / Shutterstock.com
Novel influenza A
Seasonal influenza A leads to yearly epidemics, during which the prevalence of these infections varies based on antigenic drift and vaccine efficacy.
Antigenic drift arises due to minor mutations in the viral neuraminidase (NA) and hemagglutinin (H)…